List of Figures

1. Linear stress analysis of a bolt: Mesh
2. Linear stress analysis of a bolt: Deformed structure.
3. Linear stress analysis of a bolt: Von Mises stresses on cut.
4. Cook membrane problem: EPATCH model. P3 is the sampling point for y displacements (left). Deformed shape with amplitude for finest mesh and boundary of underformed mesh (right).
5. Cook membrane problem: Convergence behaviour.
6. Raasch challenge: Geometry
7. Raasch challenge: Deformed structure (amplified x 4).
8. Scordelis-Lo Roof: Mesh and boundary conditions (1/4 of structure modeled), 6 by 6 Q4 mesh.
9. Scordelis-Lo Roof: Deformed shape (y-displacements), 10 by 10 Q4 mesh.
10. Convergence behaviour
11. Tensile strip: Outline of model
12. Tensile strip: Detail of mesh
13. Tensile strip: Von Mises stress, sampling point display method (HE8 mesh)
14. Mesh and boundary conditions
15. Load-displacement curves
16. Small cable truss: Mesh and boundary conditions: load at node 9 in negative z-direction.
17. Small cable truss: Deformed shape
18. Small cable truss: Load-deformation curve of node 9.
19. COCOMAT PSC5 benchmark model: Mesh
20. COCOMAT PSC5 benchmark model: Solution
21. Cylinder with square cutouts: Meshes with Q4.S.MITC.E4 elements. 1/8 of cylinder is modeled.
22. Cylinder with square cutouts: Boundary conditions and local node coordinate systems.
23. Cylinder with square cutouts: Load-displacement graph (Q4 mesh).
24. Cylinder with square cutouts: Load-displacement graph (Q8 mesh).
25. Cylinder with square cutouts: Load-displacement graph (Q9 mesh).
26. Cylinder with square cutouts: Stress σzz (Q4 mesh).
27. Deployable ring: Mesh (36 B2.S.RS elements).
28. Deployable ring: Mxvs applied rotation (36 B2.S.RS elements).
29. Deployable ring: Deformation shapes at steps 0π, 0.5π, π, 1.5π, and 2π. (36 B2.S.RS elements).
30. Healey dome geometry (top view)
31. Load-displacement curve of mid-point node
32. Lee frame: Beam model and load (dense mesh).
33. Lee frame: Load-displacement response point A (continuation).
34. Pinched cylinder (clamped): Meshes for Q4.S.MITC.E4, Q8.S.MITC, Q9.S.MITC elements.
35. Pinched cylinder (clamped): Convergence behaviour (Q4 mesh).
36. Pinched cylinder (clamped): Convergence behaviour (Q8 mesh).
37. Pinched cylinder (clamped): Convergence behaviour (Q9 mesh).
38. Pinched cylinder: Test case definition
39. Pinched cylinder: Deformed configuration (Q9).
40. Pinched cylinder: Results for Q8.S.MITC shell elements.
41. Pinched cylinder: Results for Q9.S.MITC shell elements.
42. Geometry and loading of plate
43. Test case definition
44. Tip z displacement vs load factor for a 32x4 mesh of Q4.S.MITC.E4 elements and final deformed configuration.
45. Rod snap problem: Model.
46. Rod snap problem: Reaction Force Ry as a function of the load factor
47. Spherical cap test: Mesh (Q8 axi-symmetric elements).
48. Spherical cap test: Load-displacement curve for max_newton_iterations set to 100.
49. Spherical cap test: Load-displacement curve for max_newton_iterations set to 10.
50. Geometry Verolme panel
51. Load-shortening curves for different mesh densities
52. Model (Q elements) and location of boundary conditions
53. Cylinder under torsion load: Mesh (Q4 shell elements).
54. Cylinder under torsion load: First buckling mode and applied generated torsional forces (Q4 shell elements).
55. Reduction of buckling load as function of beam section eccentricity ratio eccentricity/thickness for B2.S.RS (2 node beam) elements.
56. Reduction of buckling load as function of beam section eccentricity ratio eccentricity/thickness for B3.S.RS (2 node beam) elements.
57. Beam orientation of eccentricity test (beam rotated 45 degrees around y-axis).
58. Hexadome (Healey problem): Geometry
59. Buckling of slightly curved cylindrical panel: Geometry
60. Buckling of slightly curved panel: Convergence behaviour (force controlled)
61. Cable-stayed bridge: Mesh
62. Free vibration mode 10
63. Curved panel model: Mesh consists of 10 by 14 Q4 elements or 5 by 7 Q8/Q9 elements.
64. Eigenmodes of the curved panel: Mode 7 (left) and 8 (right).
65. Flat isotropic plate with hinge
66. Flat isotropic plate (10 by 10 element mesh)
67. Mode shapes for different eigenvalues
68. Helicopter rotor model
69. Mode shapes for different eigenvalues
70. Tower Cable: Initial (blue) and deformed position in [m] at load level 1.0. Applied forces [N] plotted in deformed configuration.
71. Tower Cable: Load-displacement and load-stress curves of node A (values in [in]).
72. Displacement response.
73. Solution at node 1 of mesh (blue dots: theoretical solution).
74. Beam model.
75. Time-displacement response, no damping.
76. Time-displacement response, no damping.
77. Time-displacement response, no damping.
78. One DOF model: Displacement response for initial displacement and large time step (multi step integration order 2).
79. Non-linear one-dof problem: FE model and dimensions.
80. Non-linear one-dof problem: Displacement response as function of time. Red dots: B2000++, every fifth point plotted. Black line: analytical solution.
81. HEA profile with shell elements: Mesh (upper model: continuous mesh, lower model: discontinuous mesh).
82. HEA profile with shell elements: Amplified deformed shape and longitudinal stresses (upper model: continuous mesh, lower model: discontinuous mesh).
83. Beam section profile
84. Mesh A: B2000 epatch views of lower flange (yellow), web (green), and upper flange(red). Tie interface points shown in black.
85. Mesh A. Continuous solid mesh.
86. Mesh B: Non-matching solid mesh.
87. Mesh B, loading condition C2: Heat analysis solution (temperatures).
88. Mesh B, loading condition C1: Stresses Sxx (in x-direction).
89. Clamped beam model.
90. Vibration modes. Dotted: Local model. Solid: Global reference model.
91. Heat analysis mesh
92. Deformed mesh and temperatures
93. σxx at Gauss points: Values at +-0.7746 H/2 of half height of beam (blue and red dots).
94. 1D linear thermal conductivity test: Temperature distribution for the H20 case.
95. 1D linear thermal conductivity tests with source: Temperature distribution.
96. Heat equation 1D convection test: Mesh (Q4, L2 elements)
97. Heat equation 1D convection test: Temperature along x (Q4, L2 elements)
98. Heated wire: Mesh and boundary conditions
99. Radiation of plate to plate: Mesh and normals
100. Radiation of plate to plate: Accumulated heat.
101. Radiation of cylinder to plate: Mesh and normals
102. Radiation of a cylinder: Accumulated heat.
103. Radiation of a cylinder: Accumulated heat, detail (different scale).
104. Linear transient heat conduction: Mesh and initial conditions at face in contact with air.
105. Linear transient heat conduction: Temperature T(t) at z=0.6[m]
106. Free vibrations of volume of air: Mesh.
107. Free vibrations of volume of air: baspl++ modes tool selection.
108. Free vibrations of volume of air: Vibration mode 1.
109. Free vibrations of volume of air: Vibration mode 4.
110. Free vibrations of volume of air: Vibration mode 20.
111. Beam section solver mesh
112. Deformation of truss (amplified).
113. Deformation of frame (amplified).
114. Cantilever beam deformation (green; case 1, yellow: case2, blue:case 3)
115. Beam geometry: Length L=50, height b=3, and width t=1
116. In-plane bending behaviour
117. Patch geometry and displacement field example
118. Stress test: Undeformed and deformed shape
119. Thin walled cylinder
120. Tetrahedron element test
121. Prism element test
122. Geometry of clamped beam
123. Geometry of clamped beam with prescribed displacement
124. Geometry of simply supported beam
125. Deformed and undeformed box beam structure
126. Asymmetric Cable: Initial (blue) and deformed position. Mesh nodes marked red.
127. Asymmetric Cable: Deformations and stresses at point A.
128. Flat isotropic plate
129. Considered plate with sinusoidal loading